Types And Severity Of The Different Spinal Fractures
There is much distinguishable kind of Spinal Fractures, and they are various in structure and damage that a patient can suffer from, here are some of these to help you out with the basic identification of them. There are few terms that the specialists use to define the kind and intensity of the fracture. Down below, there are some of the terms explained in lay mans’ words. This is to help the ordinary population to understand a specific kind of facture.
This kind of fracture usually occurs under the condition of osteoporosis, and the patients who have abnormally low bone strength are prone to this type. In some cases of bone cancer, this fracture can be expected, and this happens because the weakened bone is no longer capable of handling the weight of the body, and so they collapse and stays structure-less unless it is not specifically treated any soon.
- Burst Fracture
Unlike the above-mentioned type, this fracture type is much more severe and life-threatening. The fracture is caused by the severe trauma of being crushed under high pressure, due to which the fragments of the bones disassociate, and it spreads towards the spinal cord creating injuries. They are not limited to a particular place. It is one of the types to affect multiple regions at a time.
- Flexion-distraction Fractures
This type occurs when a body experiences abnormal jerking towards the front. And due to the excess force, there are chances that these fractures can be severe and threatening since the spinal cord is also affected to some extent. This type may include bone and ligament damage, which may affect stability. It is one of the very common among the different kinds of Spinal Fractures. This kind can result in major and minor as per the affected regions are concerned.
In this kind, the fracture and dislocation occur together, and the intensity and severity of the kind are very high. The kind affects the spinal cord, the bone, as well as the body space due to dislocation as a whole. The bone spread and dislocated needs to be carefully removed from the region before one can fix the patients under this kind of fracture. The situated blood vessels are disturbed in this case. Therefore, emergency surgery is required.
Intensity of types
- Stable and unstable
In a stable fracture there is no problem in adjusting the bones as it can take the weight of the patient pretty well and initiate recovery, while in an unstable fracture, the fixed bones are not strong enough to hold or bear the weight of the body. In the unstable kind, there are high chances of excess damage and no recovery. In the stable kind, there are better chances of recovery than in the unstable case. Sometimes the Spinal Fractures lead to deformity in case of unstable ones.
- Major and minor
The major and minor intensities differentiated in the light of the levels of damage. The minor nerve system is not as much affected as it is in the major fracture. The possibility of instability usually comes along with the major fracture, where the lamina and pedicles are affected. In this case, the experts are challenged mentally and physically to assort it back into the right position.
One needs to be aware of the human spinal anatomy, to make a correct identification of the different fractures. The most important thing about Spinal Fractures to observe is if many kinds of nerve damage occurred in the process. The anatomy of the human body is symmetric and understandable if observed closely enough.
Experienced and well-qualified spine surgeons can bring an almost dead man back to life with their skills. With the improvement of technology use of specific robotic tools has assured recovery to many seriously affected patients. The best thing about these robots is that they are much more accurate than human hands, and they can even work on the unreachable parts of the body.