Four Types of Pain: Causes and Methods of Treatment
We are all afraid of pain. It disturbs, brings discomfort, incapacitates, and sometimes causes unbearable suffering. But the doctors of antiquity called pain “the chain dog of the body.” After all, it is she who signals that urgent help is needed. But what if the “dog” fell off the chain?
Pain is an important defense mechanism. It is not for nothing that people who have been deprived of pain from birth, as a rule, do not live up to 3 years. But if the pain is ignored for a long time or treated incorrectly, it will become chronic. In this case, it ceases to be useful, and it will already be very difficult to get rid of it. In addition, every 2-3 patient with chronic pain develops depression or anxiety disorders. For a serious pain, you can get help from professionals, like Pain Clinic Texarkana.
Many faces and mysterious
In time, the pain is transient (does not last very long), acute (may bother until the sore spot heals, but not more than 1.5 months) and chronic (lasts more than 3 months). Neurologists measure its strength on a special scale (from 0 to 10). This indicator is subjective and depends only on the patient’s feelings.
But finding a place where it hurts is not always easy, because pain is both local and radiating (for example, with angina pectoris, it can be given under the scapula or in the arm, and in diseases of the pelvic organs – in the back). And it can also be reflected – in this case, that part of the skin that is innervated from the same part of the spinal cord as the internal organ hurts – the true source of pathology. In addition, pain can vary in appearance. It can be nociceptive, neuropathic, and psychogenic.
What worries you?
Nociceptive pain is the most common (up to 80% of cases)
The most common are inflammation, mechanical injury or burns (thermal and chemical). Back pain, hangover headaches, or abdominal cramps during menstruation also fall into this category. Such pain is caused by irritation of peripheral pain receptors located in almost all organs and tissues.
Patients describe this pain with the words “squeezing”, “aching”, “throbbing”, “cutting”.
How to treat?
The main thing is to exclude dangerous pain associated with damage to internal organs. If no serious cause is suspected, it is necessary to take a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug or analgesic. But too much medication is dangerous. Drinking pain relievers for headaches more than 3 times a week can cause a drug-induced headache. This is much more difficult to cope with.
Neuropathic pain (up to 8% of cases)
It is nerve trauma or chronic diseases (diabetes mellitus, alcoholism, trigeminal neuralgia, shingles and others). Phantom pain after limb amputation can also be attributed to neuropathic pain. This pain is caused by damage to the nervous system, which increases the activation of pain pathways.
On “burning”, “cutting”, “stabbing”, “shooting” pain. This increases the sensitivity to pain stimuli, which doctors call hyperesthesia. In this case, a person can react sharply even to body contact with sheets or soft clothes. Symptoms may worsen with rest (keeping you awake) but diminish with physical activity. But everything can happen and vice versa.
If you have such complaints, you can reach out to your nearest pain cloning or health specialist. They can assist you get rid of the paid and they may also invective if all motor neuron system is working fine in your body.
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