Claw Hand Deformity: The Most Probable Reasons And Best Possible Treatment Options
Can you ever think of doing something without a hand?
Obviously, No. It is not possible because one pair of hands is our god-gifted tool to accomplish our important to less important tasks.
Unfortunately, we all are under a biological clock, and aging comes at its time. No one can prevent his aging. With aging our most engaging tools become inactive or less active.
Not only aging, but a few diseases and conditions such as Carpal tunnel syndrome, hand arthritis. De Queven , trigger fingers, and claw hand deformities are highly responsible for deteriorating hand conditions.
In this article, we’re going to talk about CHD, its common cause and its effective treatment.
Stay with us till the end to get detailed information.
Claw Hand Deformity?
Claw hand deformity is a certain abnormal condition of the finger where all the fingers, including the thumb, are bent so that your palm gets into a claw shape. CHD gradually deteriorates the condition of your fingers when it gets to a severe level.
What is the reason behind CHD?
One may develop Claw hand deformity due to the destruction of vital nerves that initiates from our neckline and ends to the hand affecting muscles of the forearm and finger joints.
The primary symptoms of Claw hand deformity are loss of sensation and numbness around the affected area. The patient gradually loses the sensation of the whole hand, especially near the fingers, along with a limited range of motion.
Some persons are CHD patients by birth, and their inborn abnormalities are due to wrong growth of finger bones or abnormal conditions of nerves.
This inborn CHD can be corrected through minor hand surgery and a few medical assistants.
Again, few people develop CWD due to illness and injury.
Commonly seen signs and symptoms of Claw Hand Deformity
· Numbness and desensitization around the affected fingers and hand
· Important forearm muscles such as interosseous and hypothenar muscles become fragile with time
· Patients become incapable of stretching the IP joint during finger extension, specifically abducting and adducting fingers.
How would you identify that you have Claw Hand Deformity?
If you notice the symptoms as mentioned above, then you can identify the hand anomaly. You also need to make doctors’ appointments for a proper diagnosis.
Proper diagnosis is possible through
· EMG or Electromyography to identify the linked muscle and certain nerve conditions
· DSA nerve studies to check the electrical signal transmitted through a particular nervous system
· Differential diagnosis to identify the grassroots cause of this condition. Orthopaedic surgeons say that the reason behind CHD could be Klumpke paralysis, Dupuytren contracture, and Cervical radiculopathy, and lower brachial plexopathy.
Let’s talk about certain conditions that promote
Claw Hand Deformity
Nerve damage: Hand nerve damage is linked with fractures, injuries, and other diseases and conditions.
· Cervical Spondylitis
· Ulnar Nerve palsy
· Ulnar Nerve entrapment
All three major nerve damage causes CWD.
Ulnar nerve damage could take place by putting excessive pressure on the joint elbow or base of the palm for long hours, dislocation or fracture of the elbow, twist dance movement due to repetitive elbow bending, and repetitive motion injury that simultaneously develops Claw Hand Deformity.
On the other hand, regular wear and tear of bones and cartilage of hands may exert pressure on your hand nerve, promoting claw hand deformity.
Congenital birth defect: I mean defect by birth. Few newborns have Claw hand deformity, which could be corrected through microsurgery.
Skin scarring and burn injury
First-degree burns cause skin scarring and develop claw hand deformity. Here the scarring goes deeper from the outer layer and drastically affects the hand’s framework and forearm nerves.
Leprosy is a kind of bacterial infection that badly affects your skin and infects the hand nerve. However, it could be an extremely rare case found in the USA.
Available treatment options for Claw Hand Deformity
Home treatment for primary stage Claw Hand Deformity
If Claw hand deformity is due to fracture and injury, then it could be managed through home remedies and treatments. In this case, the doctor will advise you to wear a brace to maintain a straight posture to prevent your hands from further injuries and accidents. Proper resting is also important for quick healing.
Tendon transfer surgery is advised when CWD becomes severe. Just like other surgeries, there are also chances of infection. However, orthopaedic surgeons don’t provide a 100% guarantee and combine it with other microsurgical techniques to bring promising outcomes.
Hand therapy rehabilitation is important after surgery, or even it works for mid-level Claw hand deformity. Hand therapists suggest some therapeutic interventions to restore range of motion in the wounded area. The hand therapy exercises include different kinds of hand stretching and bending. In some cases, the therapist may suggest using a grip strength trainer to regain the strength of the fingers and boost holding capacity. However, therapists continuously monitor the progress and prescribe the treatment method accordingly.
Akshay Sharma is a digital marketing enthusiast and has written many topics in the related field like fashion. He works with Squegg. Squegg is an ergonomic and durable smart device for grip strength.